India’s third lunar mission is aimed at the south polar region of the moon, a region with water ice, or frozen water. This water could be a source of oxygen, fuel, and water for future moon missions or a more permanent moon colony.
The Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft consists of an orbiter, a lander, and a rover. The orbiter will remain in orbit around the moon, while the lander and rover will descend to the surface. The lander is named Vikram, after Vikram Sarabhai, the father of the Indian space program. The rover is named Pragyaan, which means “wisdom” in Hindi.
The landing is a critical part of the mission. If successful, it will make India the fourth country to land a spacecraft on the moon, after the United States, Russia, and China.
The landing will be broadcast live on ISRO’s website, YouTube channel, and Facebook page.
Chandrayaan-3 is scheduled to land on the moon on Wednesday, August 23, 2023, at 6:04 pm IST. This is 1:34 pm UTC.